What is Multiple Sclerosis? Above & Beyond Occupational Therapy

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    What is Multiple Sclerosis?

    Nervous system shutdown or communication failure through the body to the brain. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a very dangerous disorder; there is no perfect cure for it. You can just simply things through occupational therapy so that the easy life of the patient.

    For this reason, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) can often be a disabling disease. It causes distortions within the brain and between the brain and body.  It occurs during the age of 15-40. Moreover, this disease is 3x more likely to happen in women.

    Occupational Therapists (OT) treat musculoskeletal and neurological deficits in human beings. In normal words, occupational therapy deals with both, physical and mental health issues. Make sure you read an article, that’s about what condition do occupational therapist can treat?

    The aim of occupational therapists (OT) is the independence of their patients for functional activities. In like manner, the same goal exists in the case of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The patients of MS may have the motor and cognitive disabilities.

    Causes:

    1. Slurred speech
    2. Fatigue
    3. Dizziness
    4. Stroke
    5. Genetic issues
    6. Low eye vision

    Quick Faqs

    For a quick summary, follow these steps and understand the basic concept

    1. 99% of patient can’t recover from that disease, only OT can ease things around patients through different rehabilitation treatments
    2. Damage your nervous system, opt system and spinal code
    3. You must face, many issues like body pain, SEX, Body movement (balance), Depression, Feeling tired, Sleeping problems ETC
    4. Medical science fails to the proper treatment of this disorder, some researchers explain, this may be some brain nerve damage or like that
    5. Vitamin D, is your protection shield if you keep restraining from that disorder
    6. Medication of Drug can slower the process
    7. Ask more about MS

    Multiple-Sclerosis

    Occupational Therapy and Multiple Sclerosis:

    Occupational Therapists (OT) address the functional impairments that accompany Multiple Sclerosis. You must note that Occupational Therapists (OT) are concerned more with the exercise and technical aspect of the disease and not medicine.

    According to a patient at Orlando Health Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Center while talking about Occupational Therapists, “These are the people who make sure you can take showers, that you can use the toothbrush. I was beginning to lose function in my hands, and strength in particular. But also coordination and sensory feeling”.

    This patient had to practice sequenced exercises and general activities that improved his motor skills, cognitive skills, and coordination. His two occupational therapists governed this case.

    By the end of this plan, he could perform the exercises himself. If that does not explain the importance of occupational therapy (OT), I don’t know what will.

    Role-of-Occupational-Therapy

    Advanced Treatment

    First and foremost, OTs have to assess and examine the potential patient. They try to discover spasticity, or weakness, or sensory problems, which may cause them to lose grip on things.

    In like manner, the therapists make sure of the limitations the patient has to offer. For example, they design the exercise plan of the patients according to their ability to endure. Nevertheless, making sure that the exposure to the designed exercise will not bring extra fatigue.

    It is unfair to limit Occupational Therapy to employment only. The reason being, occupational therapy is a much broader term. It is all the activities that may promote a patient’s functioning, which in any way promote cognitive, neurological and muscular development.

    Anything that reduces functional impairment is therapy. At times, it could be because of a wife, mother, family members or anyone for that matter.

    Following are some significant therapies and strategies that Occupational Therapists may use to treat Multiple Sclerosis:

    Water Pool Therapy

    In this technique, the Occupational Therapists (OT) take advantage of water’s characteristics to make patients practice exercises. There legit exist some exercises, which require stronger muscle movement than what patients can perform.

    Water-Pool-Therapy

    Otherwise, these exercises may not be possible. Before proceeding, the OTs keep a hard check on the temperature of the pool, water pressure, buoyancy and take various other precautions.

    The beneficial effects of this therapy may be spasticity related, strengthening of muscles, balance, gait, fatigue, cardiovascular conditioning, and back pain release.

    Environmental Strategies

    Therapists may take advantage of the effect that changing environment has on patients. The patients who suffer Multiple Sclerosis may have disjoint problems.

    For instance, patients who suffer from brain-related deficits shall not have the same problems. The disease in most cases is unique and every person suffers in a different way because of the complexity of the human mind.

    Therefore, some patients may have very calming reactions to new surroundings. For example, a patient may feel very peaceful when subjected to dim yellow lamps and fairy lights fitted room. Another patient may feel threatened by the same setting.

    Cognitive Development Strategies

    They purposely subject the patients to logical yet not too complex games. Examples may be Board games or simple counting games.

    This helps to develop neural pathways in the patient’s brain. Additionally, through emotional support and basic logical questions, the cognitive impairment reduces which contribute to new neural pathways.

    Spiritual Therapy

    Therapists connect with patients who may have been spiritually enlightened or religiously involved according to their beliefs.

    They make conversations with them to kick start better and healthier emotions flowing through their body, which enhances healing. A family member or a representative can also help in this regard.

    Physical Therapy

    OTs work in close proximity with Physical Therapists for this matter. Physical therapists suggest exercises that enhance the motor skills and help to heal the deficits between the brain and body.

    Physical Therapists may arrange regular sessions in a week for such patients to help them achieve their goals.

    The Rehabilitation Team for Multiple Sclerosis Patient:

    A rehab team may consist of an Occupational Therapist, OT Assistant, Physical Therapist, perhaps a helping staff and family members of the patient.

    Purpose of Occupational Therapy

    Very importantly, the goal is to manage the symptoms of the disease. Occupational Therapy aims to help the patients achieve the highest level of independence that’s possible according to their condition.

    Being successfully able to help the patient resume his/her regular functional activities is perhaps the greatest joy of an Occupational Therapist as well. Since these Occupational Therapists are in fact empathetic and connected with their patients.

    These are the people who are naturally inclined towards this cause and it is probably why they’re pursuing Occupational Therapy in the first place.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    • Is occupational therapy different from physical therapy in multiple sclerosis?

    Answer: Occupational Therapy deals with both, brain and physique related diseases. For example, stroke patients, MS patients et cetera. However, physical therapy focuses solely on physical abnormalities.

    • Is it possible to treat Multiple Sclerosis completely?

    Answer: Multiple Sclerosis is a disease in the central nervous system due to the damage of nerves in brain and spinal cord. This may cause distortions throughout the body and brain. However, there is no complete cure for this disease. The treatments available are to slow its progression and managing the symptoms of MS.

    • Is it possible to treat Multiple Sclerosis without therapy?

    Answer: In most cases of Multiple Sclerosis, the therapy is must due to the damage in the brain nerves and spinal cord. Some people may have very mild symptoms that no treatment may be necessary.

    Sources:

    https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS

    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350269

    https://www.webmd.com/multiple-sclerosis/what-is-multiple-sclerosis

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