Role of Occupational Therapy in Stroke

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    Many patients who have survived Stroke lose the capacity to focus and maintain balance in their regular activities due to post-stroke cognitive impairment, loss of partial functionality of the body and even inability to reach objects for sensory or physical reasons. In this article, we will discuss the role of an occupational therapist after stroke to any patent.

    In the US, 67% of adults experience this mental disorder, but they didn’t know about the benefits of occupational therapy.

    Read: Mental Health Occupational Therapy

    What is Stroke?

    It’s a medical emergency; occur due to the irregular flow of blood toward the head. After strokes, patient hard to survive for getting a normal life back, if there is no proper assessment.

    The occupational therapist plays an important role here, firstly they analyze the velocity of strokes and then implement strategies accordingly.  It’s a deadly cause of death, when brain receiving low or no blood.

    1. Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 142,142 (Peoples Die)

    The job of an occupational therapist is to help these individuals relearn the abilities that may have been damaged and help them regain their independence.

    Role of Occupational Therapy in Stroke

    What are the Side effects of Stroke?

    Stroke-survivors may experience emotional, physical, neurological and mental issues, which are mostly assessed right after they’re out of surgery in the hospital and the patients at once are referred to an experienced therapist who has worked with a similar injury before.

    The rehab plan includes regular sessions led by the therapist who gradually evaluates the damages to the patient’s sensory and motor abilities by making him/her return to his normal life activities. The therapist then prepares the patient for these challenges and helps him/her direct towards the recovery.

    How can hand Occupational therapist help?

    Researched proved that, occupational therapy is the best method of recovery after stroke, although this may vary from patient to patient, still chances of recovery are higher than 90%. This lies under MOHO model of occupational therapy.

    What are the Medical treatment options for Strokes?

    A patient’s rehab team consists of nurses, speech therapist, physiotherapist, doctors and family members in most cases. The occupational therapist works in close proximity with these people since they’re best equipped in dealing with a wide range of problems and challenges faced after a stroke.

    Occupational Therapy Treatments Stroke

    Symptoms

    When your brain isn’t functioning properly, sending, or receiving the message, there are symptoms of a stroke.

    Sign of the problem include:

    1. Hand isn’t moving, your one body side isn’t moving
    2. In some cases, an only hand isn’t moving
    3. Lose tightening of grip and muscle respond

    The patient learns to be more independent as the therapy progresses and the therapist is there to guide the family and support him/her, as well as help the patient equip strategies. These strategies may include physical and mental exercises that help the patient regain his/her cognitive and physical skills and a better quality of life.

    The therapist helps the patient to reconnect with their old selves by helping them continuing their hobbies, which could be reading or playing a musical instrument. Some of the strategies suggested by the therapist may require new equipment.

    An example of such equipment is hand-supports by the wall to help the patient walk. They may also evaluate the safety of the patient’s home and make the required suggestions. The therapist is always there to guide his/her patients and help them strive in the best way possible.

    Occupational Therapist Treatment to Strokes

    It’s a proven method of treating strokes through occupational therapy. Many theories and practices are already have done successfully with the stroke patient. The therapist uses environmental modification for the patient suffering from this disorder.

    The occupational therapist is the primary member in ensuring a stroke survivor’s road to recovery. The job of therapists not only compels them to improve the patient’s motor and cognitive abilities but also asks of them to connect on an emotional level with their patients.

    Treatment methods vary accordingly to patient type

    1. Ischemic Stroke
    2. Hemorrhagic Stroke
    3. TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)
    4. Cryptogenic Stroke.

    Therefore, treatment of occupational therapy (methodology) is changed accordingly to stroke type, acute care or other types.

    A skilled therapist will always address a patient as a whole and work for his/her mental, physical, emotional and cognitive challenges. The road to recovery of a stroke patient requires a lot of courage and patience from both, the patient and the therapist, but these are requisite to help them regain their absolute independence.

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