Biomechanical Frame of Reference Fundamentals

A biomechanical frame (BFR) is one which analyzes the motion impairment in a subject’s body and aims to help them through their condition.

A therapist is using this technique for orthopedic cases. Some therapist confuses in neurodevelopment frame with it, that’s wrong. Every practice refers to various occupational documentation and assessment for better analysis of any type of case.

The primary goal here is to maintain the movement that a subject is able to do and secondly to recover or compensate for the loss in the movement for them. There are many students looking for the theoretical concept of biomechanical frames and practice as well.

You can contact us for visual aids of this frame.  Previously we discussed occupational therapy frames of reference in generic fundamental concept. In my latest article, you clear the difference between the PEO model to the neurodevelopmental frame of reference with Biomechanical.

  1. It’s a restorative approach in Occupational Therapy
  2. The pediatric therapist is using as well
  3. Regain strength in various function of structural disability, tissue integrity
  4. Motion and speed assessment uses in
  5. Maximize the physical capabilities, Don’t mix with Physical therapy (Some PT can also use this frame)
  6. William R Dunton (Founder) invent in 1995. Although some theories of an interventional study found in 1950.
  7. Focusing on Energy and drive functions, Specific Mental Functions, Memory functions, Perceptual functions, and Higher-level cognitive functions.
  8. Uses to Enhance PERFORMANCE SKILLS

Occupational Therapy Limitation

Some people have an occupational limitation in which they have restricted motion available to them for any prior medical or non-medical reason, in this frame of reference the main focus is on the movement of a body.

Movement can be limited due to insufficient muscle strength, loss of endurance or any other biomechanical reasons. When there is a movement impairment, the occupational roles of a human being can be largely affected, and it is more than just necessary to give medical attention.

The biomechanical frame of reference has huge contributions in post-burn treatment where limbs and muscles are limited in their performance.

The difference with Rehabilitation Frame

This is also known as a rehabilitation frame because it largely involves a rehabilitation process. In short, when a patient undergoes some external calamities that reduce their range of motion thus affecting muscle and limb movement, their muscles need to restore in their working state which is precisely a rehabilitation process.

In some cases, where complete rehabilitation is not physically possible an attempt is made to maintain the current situation and prevent it from further deterioration.

It is a combined approach towards occupational therapy in which orthopedics work alongside muscles treatment to ensure a rehabilitation.

What is Fundamental of Biomechanical Frame?

The main goals of a biomechanical frame of reference revolve around the limitations of movement.

Biomechanical Frame of Reference

However, the three main goals can be narrowed down as follows,

  • Maintain the existing movement in a body which can aid in occupational performance
  • To attempt to restore lost motion for functioning through occupational roles.
  • Compensate for the movement that cannot be restored through intervention and therapy in order to maintain occupational performance.

Who Needs Biomechanical Occupational Therapy?

The following conditions in patients allow them to qualify for treatment through the biomechanical frame of reference.

  1. Patients with muscle contracture, it includes disabilities in muscle tissue, muscle connective tissues, tendons, ligaments, fibrous capsules, and skin.
  2. Inflammation in a certain body part including the condition of hematoma.
  3. Disabilities due to a bone structural abnormality which can happen due to a road accident.
  4. Congenital abnormalities
  5. Amputation
  6. Pains of all kinds
  7. Surroundings and environmental situations that may be characterized as maladaptive.

Biomechanical Frame of Reference for Positioning Children for Function

This frame is using pediatric therapist in neuromuscular or musculoskeletal dysfunction. The goal is to improve distal functioning and regain stability and motion.

Inadequate Muscle Strength

Inadequate muscle strength has a lot to do with movement disabilities. Muscles do not always lose their strength through old age, but any complicated medical condition such as bone fracture which causes immobilization can also contribute to an idle muscle for a long period of time.

This eventfully causes loss in strength and hence limited movement. Another more complicated condition is through a motor neuron disease which can also leave a muscle idle due to impaired signals to the muscle.

Note:  Share your practice and Frames of Occupational therapy with us. For any Questions on this topic, you can ask us any time.